MPEG’s existence is close to 30 years having held its first meeting in May 1988. Close to 200 standards have been developed by a membership that currently exceeds 1,000 experts (registered) and 400 experts (attending meetings) from hundreds of companies and organisations, and close to 30 countries. See the MPEG official website.

These are some of the most relevant MPEG standards. Standards non mentioned are not unimportant. Simply the list would have been too long.

ISO code Name Purpose
11172-3 MP3 The first standard for audio (music) compression
13818-1 MPEG-2 TS The systems standard for broadcasting over the air and cable (DVD and Blu-Ray using MPEG-2 PS)
13818-2 MPEG-2 Video The first – and still widely used – video compression standard for digital television
14496-2 MPEG-4 Video The first video compression standard for mobile and internet
14496-3 MPEG-4 Audio The universally used audio compression standard for internet distribution
14496-10 MPEG-4 AVC The widely used video compression standard
14496-12 MP4 File Format The universally used file format for digital media
23000-19 CMAF Common Media Application Format (baseline format for content distribution)
23008-1 MMT MPEG Media Transport (IP based transport)
23008-2 MPEG-H HEVC High Efficiency Video Coding (the newest – 2013) video compression standard
23008-3 MPEG-H 3D Audio Audio compression with independent numbers of microphones and loudspeakers
23008-14 MPEG-H HDR Conversion and coding practices for HDR/WCG video
23009-1 DASH Media presentation description and segment formats (adaptive streaming)
23090-2 OMAF Omnidirectional MediA Format (for VR applications)